By Axel Korner ed.
The assumption of a 'Springtime of ecu Peoples', ideas of a common republic and the notice for the ecu measurement of the progressive occasions had an immense influence at the rules of 1848. They have been mirrored in songs, pamphlets and political statements. even if, the meanings of 1848 - its histories and thoughts - swap over the years and based on diversified political, local and nationwide contexts. The preliminary idealism was once quickly changed by way of nationalist aggressiveness. In so much commemorations, the revolution seemed as a countrywide occasion in the nationwide histories of geographical regions. this angle purely replaced in 1998, at the get together of its one hundred fifty years' anniversary, while historians, poiiticains and the general public rediscovered 1848 as a eu revolution, legitimising the rescue of the countryside. 1848: a ecu Revolution? analyses the dichotomy among the foreign measurement in the principles of the revolution and the nationalisation of thoughts in its commemorations over the last one hundred fifty years.
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Extra resources for 1848: A European Revolution?
7 In academic historiography as well as in the collective memories of various social groups 1848 has served to legitimize or to delegitimize different political approaches to questions of ‘national’ significance. Political and social movements often referred to 1848 within the context of national debates; the memory of 1848 developed into a question of national politics. This process of nationalization has had its impact on the content of historical commemorations. 8 Hence, the national approach to 1848 is understandable for a period of European history characterized by the formation of nation-states.
Evaluations of 1848 during the second half of the twentieth century differ from those of Marx or de Tocqueville. The comparative frameworks of social historians contributed to these new critiques. In pointing out similarities between the revolutions in Germany and France, Wolfgang Mommsen has presented an argument which challenges the theory of a German ‘Sonderweg’ originating in 184834 – also putting in doubt A. J. P. Taylor's famous interpretation of 1848 as the crucial point in history when Germany failed to turn.
279. Steinmetz, ‘“Sprechen ist eine Tat bei euch”’, p. 1109. G. Schödl, ‘Jenseits von Bürgergesellschaft und Staat. Die Völker Ostmitteleuropas 1848/49’, in Hardtwig, Revolution, pp. 207–39, 210. See the article by Jan Merk in this book; also Siemann, Die deutsche Revolution, p. 55. Godechot, Les Révolutions de 1848. Woolf, Il Risorgimento Italiano, vol. II, p. 546. R. , Europa 1848, pp. 455–92, 461. On the symbolic use of the colour red in revolutionary activity: R. Brécy, ‘Le drapeau rouge’, Revue d'histoire moderne et contemporaine, 2 (1975), 262–8.
1848: A European Revolution? by Axel Korner ed.