By Eric D. Weitz
Why did the 20th century witness extraordinary geared up genocide? will we study why genocide is perpetrated by means of evaluating varied situations of genocide? Is the Holocaust exact, or does it percentage explanations and contours with different situations of state-sponsored mass homicide? Can genocide be prevented?Blending gripping narrative with trenchant research, Eric Weitz investigates 4 of the 20 th century's significant eruptions of genocide: the Soviet Union less than Stalin, Nazi Germany, Cambodia less than the Khmer Rouge, and the previous Yugoslavia. Drawing on old resources in addition to trial files, memoirs, novels, and poems, Weitz explains the superiority of genocide within the 20th century--and indicates how and why it turned so systematic and deadly.Weitz depicts the searing brutality of every genocide and lines its origins again to these strongest different types of the fashionable international: race and state. He demonstrates how, in all of the circumstances, a robust country pursuing utopia promoted a specific mixture of severe nationwide and racial ideologies. In moments of excessive concern, those states exact sure nationwide and racial teams, believing that purely the annihilation of those "enemies" could permit the dominant crew to flourish. And in each one example, huge segments of the inhabitants have been enticed to hitch within the frequently ritualistic activities that destroyed their neighbors.This publication bargains one of the most soaking up money owed ever written of the inhabitants purges without end linked to the names Stalin, Hitler, Pol Pot, and Milosevic. A arguable and richly textured comparability of those 4 glossy situations, it identifies the social and political forces that produce genocide.
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Additional info for A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation
It is often unclear whether Gobineau is writing about Europeans, white people, or, quite simply, the French. In this regard, his book was ﬁrmly in keeping with the common tendency of his day to use interchangeably the terms “English race” and “English nation” or with the ambiguities that were always present at the invocation of the German Volk, a term that simply means people but could connote the citizenry of a democratic polity, the members of the German cultural nation, or a group bound by kindred descent that stamped indelible characteristics upon its members.
71 In Gobineau’s view, races were by deﬁnition unequal, and the qualities of each, physiological and moral, were permanent, immutable, and inescapable. 72 For all the historical knowledge it revealed, Gobineau’s Essay de- r ac e a n d n at i o n ■ 35 scended to a compendium of the most common prejudices. 73 Like all race theorists, Gobineau considered ﬁne outer appearance a symbol of inner nobility. 74 People not of white (or perhaps French) blood may come close to, but will most certainly never attain, true beauty.
From west to east in Europe, not only in Serbia and Italy, the idea of the nation took hold in the course of the nineteenth century. All across the continent, nationalist movements propagated the idea that a distinctive people (or nation) should have its own state. The advocates of the nation researched the historical origins of their people, wrote or discovered epic poems, developed dictionaries, and modernized languages. While they fostered the idea of the nation among many people, nationstates were made in the practical world of politics, and many different political ideologies intersected quite easily with nationalism.
A Century of Genocide: Utopias of Race and Nation by Eric D. Weitz