By Cai Hua
The Na of China, farmers within the Himalayan quarter, dwell with no the establishment of marriage. Na brothers and sisters stay jointly their whole lives, sharing loved ones tasks and elevating the women's teenagers. as the Na, like several cultures, limit incest, they perform a method of occasionally furtive, occasionally conspicuous evening encounters on the woman's domestic. The woman's partners--she usually has greater than one--bear no fiscal accountability for her or her teenagers, and "fathers," until they resemble their young ones, stay unidentifiable.This lucid ethnographic examine exhibits how a society can functionality with out husbands or fathers. It sheds mild on marriage and kinship, in addition to on the placement of ladies, the mandatory stipulations for the purchase of id, and the influence of a communist kingdom on a society that it considers backward.
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Additional info for A society without fathers or husbands: the Na of China
2 . In Loshu, the Sozha lianee owned two serfs. 54 S O C I A L S T R A T I F I C A T I O N U N T I L 1 9 5 6 Apart from the two bashi lienees, Chen and Shen, commoner and serf lienees owning we is a phenomenon exclusive to the twentieth century. In 1956, 2 80 households had serfs, and approximately ten serfs, without homes, worked in the zhifu's residence. These 280 households were of two types: those in which only the members of one sex were serfs and those in which members of both sexes were serfs.
The jackets worn by the we had to be col orless. It was forbidden for the we working as servants in the zhifu's residence to sit or smoke next to the zhifu or to use kitchen utensils that belonged to his family. Any si"pi, dzeka, or we who visited the zhifu's office had to prostrate himself before him. After having been received, it was 49 A S O C I E T Y W I THO U T F A THE R S O R HU S B A N D S customary for the visitor to leave by backing away while bowing very low. Everyone who passed in front of the official residence had to remove his or her head covering, hat if it was a man and scarf if it was a woman, and had to keep silent, with head bowed.
Therefore, in the next generation, only the male descendants were serfs. 3. Both sexes of the Gezo lianee, also in Zhoke, were serfs. Gezo (male) cohabited with Dgima (female), in whose lianee only the men were serfs. ) Given these rules, a lianee in which the members of only one sex were serfs could technically become, through adoption or cohabitation, a non-serf lianee. However, I was unable to find any one who could give me information about whether or not this had been forbidden by the zhifu and if any attempts of this nature had occurred.
A society without fathers or husbands: the Na of China by Cai Hua