By Wittmann Heiner
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Additional info for Aesthetics in Sartre and Camus. The Challenge of Freedom (Dialoghi Dialogues: Literatur Und Kultur Italiens Und Frankreichs)
9 To write is to make an appeal to the reader: he or she should give the revelation or act of disclosure that the author has undertaken by means of language an objective existence. Sartre's second condition is the author's subjectivity, which the latter only shows as a possibility by means of his work ("this directed creation" 1°), without being able to attain it on the level of objectivity. In his article on Husserl, Sartre showed in 1939 how Husserl's idea of 'intentionality' was linked with Heidegger's "being-in-the-world" and transferred it to his own idea of depassement (surpassing or transcending): H Being has to be understood as movement, for without movement it will annihilate itself.
P. 208; above text translated by C. Atkinson), and cf. ibid. p. 144 f. 42 of an intellectual in Sartre's understanding of the term. It should rather be assumed that Sartre presumably knew Heidegger's ideas through the lectures of Georges Gurvitch - which had appeared as a book (Les tendances actuelles de la philosophie allemande) in 19306 - and that before 1933 he was little concerned with Heidegger's work and in the subsequent years only looked at them selectively. 9 There is a striking contrast between Sartre's later political involvement and his alleged disinterest during the occupation period in Paris - especially when we also recall that he passed over the National Socialists' atrocities in silence.
Cf. H. Wittmann, Kunst und Moral, in: P. Knopp, V. von Wroblewsky (eds), Carnets Jean-Paul Sartre, Eine Moral in Situation, Frankfurt/Main: Peter Lang, 200, p. 159-170. , p. 37: "... the operation of writing implies that of reading as its dialectical correlative and these two connected acts necessitate two distinct agents. It is the conjoint effort of author and reader which brings upon the scene that concrete and imaginary object which is the work of the mind. " Cf. ditto, The Plea for Intellectuals [Three lectures delivered by Sartre at Tokyo and Kyoto in September and October 1965], in: ditto, Between Existentialism and Marxism.
Aesthetics in Sartre and Camus. The Challenge of Freedom (Dialoghi Dialogues: Literatur Und Kultur Italiens Und Frankreichs) by Wittmann Heiner