By Chuka Onwumechili
Onwumechili presents an exhilarating viewpoint on African army coups and reminds us that democracy isn't really synonymous completely with Western societies. He examines democracies in conventional Africa and indicates how those socieites essentially outlined and constrained the jobs of conventional African armies.From this historical past, Onwumechili makes readers have fun with that sleek African armies are deviant associations, without roots in conventional Africa. quite, he argues, one has to hunt these roots in Africa's fresh, colonial heritage. Dr. Onwumechili is going directly to describe the explanations for coups and their strategies. eventually, he examines how army coups might be avoided. whereas past options have mostly failed, Onwumechili presents convincing recommendations in accordance with case experiences.
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Extra info for African Democratization and Military Coups
Equality refers to each citizen receiving political rights that are of the same value. This principle ensures that each individual has a say in his or her own governance and that no individual, theoretically, has more say than others in the political process. Usually, this principle is implemented in the rule that each individual is entitled to one vote. Hence, equality is limited to political participation and does not encroach on other areas such as the economy or education. The notion of equal- African Democratization and Military Coups 20 ity and its limitations differ greatly when some traditional African democracies are compared to modem Western democracies.
Alpha Oumar Konare won the presidential elections in 1992 to take over from military dictatorships of Lt. Col. Amadou Toumani Toure and Lt. Moussa Traore. Konare's task has not been easy, considering that the army had only agreed to democratic elections following mass demonstrations by citizens who called for economic reforms and democracy. Konare was elected by close to 70 percent of all votes cast in the presidential elections. In 1997, he was reelected with 84 percent of the votes cast, but twenty-one political parties had boycotted the elections (most of these parties were minor ones).
Democracy is far from being consolidated in Madagascar. There have been threats to the new democracy since 1991, when Didier Ratsiraka was the last military head of government. He had been ousted by sustained citizen strikes and mass action. The enemies of democracy have struck twice at the early stages of democratic reforms in 1992 but were unsuccessful. Neither an assassination attempt on Mr. Zafy's life nor a military coup which took place shortly after, was successful. Several clashes between Ratsikara and Mr.
African Democratization and Military Coups by Chuka Onwumechili