By Vincenzo Costa (auth.), Natalie Depraz, Dan Zahavi (eds.)
Husserl's phenomenology has frequently been criticized for its Cartesian, fundamentalistic, idealistic and solipsistic nature. this present day, this frequent interpretation needs to be considered as being outmoded, because it supplies yet a truly partial and restricted photo of Husserl's considering. the continued booklet of Husserl's examine manuscripts has disclosed analyses that have made it essential to revise and adjust a couple of common readings.
This anthology files the hot improvement in Husserl study. It comprises contributions from a few younger phenomenologists, who've all defended their dissertation on Husserl within the nineties, and it provides a brand new form of interpretation which emphasizes the size of facticity, passivity, alterity and ethics in Husserl's thinking.
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Extra resources for Alterity and Facticity: New Perspectives on Husserl
This should not be taken to mean that the latter is less important or even superfluous. Not at all. Its own radicality lies in its communal background and not in any proto-temporal and proto-spatial selfopacity, that is, in the self-alterity of an individual consciousness. In this respect, primal or originary passivity is shown to be limited: as an individually-located passivity, primal passivity runs the risk of producing an egology that, although genetic, would set individuality against community.
At first glance, imaginary variation provides us with a pure and free activity, the goal of which is to give rise to the eidos. Moreover, if imagination is understood as the power of neutralizing its object as being, it may also be used to refer to a pure activity deprived of any ontic weight. From a strictly methodological standpoint, both these modes 44 NATALIE DEPRAZ of appearance of imagination (variation, neutralization) emphasize its purely active role. No phenomenologist has pushed the contrast between perception and imagination as far as Sartre.
The only way to do so is to practice a kind of detachment from both these attitudes, so as to open the way to a more properly phenomenological attitude, which involves a mindful absence of goal (or interest) directedness. Let us add that passivity is neither a negative concept, the main meaning of which would be privation, nor a woolly and blurred concept capable of surreptitiously penetrating any reality. More radically, passivity is not at all a concept in the traditional (etymologically Latin-inspired) meaning of seizing (capere).
Alterity and Facticity: New Perspectives on Husserl by Vincenzo Costa (auth.), Natalie Depraz, Dan Zahavi (eds.)