By Halil Inalcik
This significant contribution to Ottoman heritage is now released in paperback in volumes: the unique unmarried hardback quantity (CUP 1995) has been extensively acclaimed as a landmark within the learn of 1 of the main enduring and influential empires of contemporary instances. The authors supply a richly distinct account of the social and fiscal historical past of the Ottoman area, from the origins of the Empire round 1300 to the eve of its destruction in the course of international conflict One. The breadth of diversity and the fullness of assurance make those volumes crucial for an knowing of latest advancements in either the center East and the post-Soviet Balkan international.
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Additional resources for An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, vol. 1, 1300-1600
9 After decades of fighting with the Byzantine state, the European crusades, and various Turkish chieftains, this branch of the Seljuk dynasty established itself in Anatolia, ruling a vast region from its capital, the city of Konya. Muslim writers referred to this branch of the Seljuk dynasty as the Seljuks of Rum (Salajeqa-yi Rum or Seljuks of Byzantine lands). In the two hundred years that lie between the Seljuk victory in Manzikert and the rise of the Ottoman state in western Anatolia, the Seljuks of Rum served as the instrument for the Turkification and Islamization of Anatolia.
As long as the ruling dynast and his government cooperated with the sultan and did not challenge his suzerainty, the Ottomans did not remove him. Osman expanded his territory from the region of Eski¸sehir northward, encountering local feudal lords who functioned as 21 22 THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE representatives of the Byzantine state. 24 On July 27, 1301, Osman defeated a Byzantine army outside Nicomedia (Izmit). The victory brought recognition and prestige for Osman G^azi and allowed the beys fighting under his command to push toward the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean.
The armies of Kharazm Shah, who ruled Central Asia and Khorasan, were defeated. 13 As the Mongol armies swept through Central Asia and Khorasan, tens of thousands of refugees began to flee their homes for Anatolia. Mystics, poets, scholars, merchants, artisans, and nomads fled westward as the Mongols devastated urban and rural life in Central Asia and Iran. 14 In 1243, a Mongol army invaded Anatolia and defeated the Seljuk ruler, Qiyassudin Kay Khosrow II (1237–1246), in the battle of K€ osedag near Sivas.
An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, vol. 1, 1300-1600 by Halil Inalcik